Table 3

Presence of HRP for race and clinical factors

Extracranial carotid arteryIntracranial artery
OR95% CIP valueOR95% CIP value
Caucasian vs Chinese3.751.30 to 10.78 0.01 0.330.04 to 2.860.31
Adjustment factor
 Age, years3.051.01 to 9.21 0.047 0.310.03 to 2.890.30
 Sex, male4.081.38 to 12.07 0.01 0.360.04 to 3.200.36
 BMI, kg/m2 3.401.03 to 11.27 0.045 0.530.05 to 5.110.58
 Current smoker4.001.31 to 12.23 0.02 0.230.03 to 2.060.19
 Hypertension3.861.33 to 11.22 0.01 0.300.03 to 2.740.29
 Hyperlipidaemia3.140.97 to 10.100.0550.260.03 to 2.540.25
 Diabetes3.311.13 to 9.69 0.03 0.360.04 to 3.240.36
 Coronary heart disease4.621.40 to 15.19 0.01 0.170.02 to 1.790.14
 On statins prior to recent symptoms3.481.18 to 10.26 0.02 0.210.02 to 2.020.18
  • Bold indicates P-values<0.05.

  • BMI, body mass index; HRP, high-risk plaque.