Table 2

Preoperative antiepileptic drug use and the indications for surgery

Motor-related area subtypesAnti-epileptic drug useIndications for surgery
N (%)
Severe headacheIntractable seizuresLow S-M gradeProgressive neurological deficitsPrevious haemorrhages
I31 (62.0)3 (6.0)25 (50.0)13 (26.0)0 (0.0)9 (18.0)
II11 (44.0)2 (8.0)5 (20.0)3 (12.0)5 (20.0)10 (40.0)
III12 (35.3)5 (14.7)11 (32.4)1 (2.9)10 (29.4)8 (23.5)
IV7 (43.8)1 (6.2)4 (25.0)1 (6.2)5 (31.2)6 (37.5)
Total61 (48.8)9 (7.2)45 (36.0)17 (13.6)19 (15.2)33 (26.4)
  • S-M grade, Spetzler-Martin grade.