Table 5

Sex-specific associations with good outcomes

VariableWomenMen
UnivariableMultivariableUnivariableMultivariable
EstimateP valuesEstimateP valuesEstimateP valuesEstimateP values
Age−0.010.40−0.050.006
BMI0.070.180.040.31
Anticoagulant use0.50.560.30.57
Atrial fibrillation−0.10.88−1.00.06
Diabetes−1.10.200.030.95
Hyperlipidaemia0.10.92−0.40.34
Hypertension0.70.17−1.00.06
Prior stroke/TIA−1.20.10−0.70.16
Cardioembolic stroke0.10.880.10.80
Admission NIHSS−0.3<0.001−0.2<0.001
Systolic blood pressure−0.010.93−0.010.44
IV alteplase treatment−0.50.36−1.40.002−1.30.01
HT0.020.97−0.60.20
WMHv−0.10.07−0.20.02
DWIv−0.030.04−0.030.05−0.040.006−0.040.01
NAWM ADC−0.010.03−0.010.04−0.020.0007−0.020.003
NAWM K2−0.00040.06−0.00010.42
  • Multivariable Regression Equation.

  • Bold values indicate P value < 0.05.

  • ADC, apparent diffusion coefficient; BMI, body mass index; DWIv, diffusion-weighted imaging lesion volume; HT, haemorrhagic transformation; IV, intravenous; NAWM, normal-appearing white matter; TIA, transient ischemic attack; WMHv, white matter hyperintensity volume.