Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the sample

VariablePatients=91
n (%)
Age, mean±SD (in years)66.8±13.6
Men62 (68.1)
White/Caucasian80 (87.9)
Past/current smoker27 (29.7)
Diabetes33 (36.3)
Hypertension74 (81.3)
Hyperlipidaemia58 (63.7)
Coronary artery disease20 (22)
Previous stroke/transient ischaemic attack37 (40.7)
Stroke presentation73 (80.2)
Stroke mechanism
 Artery-to-artery33 (45.2)
 Flow-dependent11 (15.1)
 Perforator occlusion21 (28.8)
 Uncertain mechanism8 (10.9)
NIHSS score at admission, mean (IQR)3 (1–8)
Percentage of stenosis, mean±SD81.8±14.7
Complete occlusion12 (13.2)
Length of stenosis, mean±SD (in mm)4.7±3
Location of stenosis
 Distal6 (6.6)
 Mid-basilar50 (54.9)
 Proximal35 (38.5)
Collateral circulation score
 High (2–4)44 (48.4)
 Low (0–1)47 (51.6)
Death4 (4.4)
  • NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale.