During the COVID-19 epidemic, the treatment of critically ill patients has been increasingly difficult and challenging. During the epidemic, some patients with neurological diseases also have COVID-19, which could be misdiagnosed and cause silent transmission and nosocomial infection. Such risk is high in a neurological intensive care unit (NCU). Therefore, prevention and control of epidemic in critically ill patients is of utmost importance. The principle of NCU care should include comprehensive screening and risk assessment, weighing risk against benefits and reducing the risk of COVID-19 transmission while treating patients as promptly as possible.
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Correction notice The paper has been updated since first published to update author details and acknowledgements section.
Contributors LL, YS and SP designed the framework and participated in revision. PZ and MZ drafted the sections of introduction and the overview of the novel coronavirus. LZ and JW drafted the sections of clinical characteristics of COVID-19. WJ and JT drafted the sections of key points for the treatment of COVID-19. XX, JC and WL drafted the sections of neurocritical care unit management principles. YW and HZ drafted the sections of severe neurological illness diagnosis and treatment. FW, JL, SP, YS and LL revised the whole manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Author note The original Chinese edition has been published on Journal of Critical Care in Internal Medicine, 2020. 26(3): 177-183.
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